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Question about Medals of the U.S. Navy

Question about Medals of the U.S. Navy

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What do medals say about a sailor, diver or serviceman? This picture is all my grandfather's medals. He was in the U.S. Navy from 1945 - 73. I know a lot of his story. He started out an E1 and went as far as an enlisted rank and I remember seeing all his diving pictures.

He was a Diver, and I know about some of the medals but others I do not. He passed away in 2010.

Does anyone know what all of these medals are?

Update I remember when he was buried, he had a full naval funeral. I remember the hash marks on his on his uniform. He had 7 red hash marks. What is the difference between Red and Gold? This is Adam F Bragg Jr. In the dive suit.

Here is his headstone if it gives any

Partial response, feel free to complete/correct it:

First row:
1. Navy Occupation Medal
2. WW2 Victory Medal
3. European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
4. Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal
5. American Campaign Medal
6. Good conduct medal

Navy presidential Unit visitation
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation

Second row:
1. China Service Medal
2. National Defense Service Medal
3. Korea Service Medal
4. United Nations Service Medal (Korea)
5. Korean War Service Medal

  1. The medal at the top/left (Navy Occupation Medal) is mistakenly showing the obverse. That is, the ribbon is okay, but the medal suspended beneath it is backwards. It should be turned around for proper display.

  2. About the ribbon at the top/right (the red one with three white stripes at each end): That's an Army Good Conduct ribbon. Perhaps it was meant to be a Navy Good Conduct ribbon? If so, it should then be displayed above the Navy Good Conduct Medal.

  3. The 'rope and whistle' is a Boatswain's Pipe with its lanyard. It could mean that your Step-grandfather had the enlisted rating of Boatswain's Mate (BM). BM's would usually make the lanyard themselves, so that may be an item hand-crafted by your family member.

  4. Just so there's no confusion: If he was a Boatswain's Mate, he could still have been a Diver at the same time. Navy Diver didn't become an enlisted rating until 2006. So every enlisted diver also needed a rating in order to advance through the Petty Officer ranks.

U.S. Mint to Restrike America’s First Medals

Mrs. Mary Brooks, Director of the Mint, presented Mrs. Richard Nixon today the first strikes of the ten piece America’s First Medals series being produced as part of the U.S. Mint’s coins and medals observance of the Bicentennial of the American Revolution.

The presentation of the pewter reproductions of the first medals voted by the Continental Congress took place at the White House. The medals, originally struck in gold and silver, were awarded in recognition of the bold commanders and successful Revolutionary War battles that won for a new nation its freedom from foreign domination.

The Bicentennial medals package included a reprint of a booklet entitled “Medals Commemorating Battles of the American Revolution,” authored by Vladimir and Elvira Clain-Stefanelli of the National Museum of History and Technology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

The 43-page illustrated booklet explains the tradition of bestowing medals upon our nation’s heroes and the history surrounding the first medals granted by the Founding Fathers and designed by the foremost medalists of the day.

Benjamin Franklin, then our Ambassador to France, took a personal interest in the design and engraving of many of the Revolutionary War commemorative medallions produced in Paris.

An 11th medal, considered to be one of the most beautiful medallic expressions of liberty ever struck, was also commissioned by Benjamin Franklin but he failed to win official Congressional approval of it. Called the Libertas Americana medal, the U.S. Mint, in 1976, hopes to reproduce this capstone piece and make it a part of the ten piece America’s First Medals series.

The Bicentennial series of pewter reproductions, 1-1/2″ in diameter, will take until July 4, 1976 to complete. In 1976, reprints of the Smithsonian booklet will also be sent to purchasers of the medals.

The first two medals are being offered as a unit at $10.00 and may be ordered during April and May, 1974 from the Bureau of the Mint, 55 Mint Street, San Francisco, California 94175. They are:

WASHINGTON BEFORE BOSTON, the first medal authorized by the Continental Congress. It was originally struck in gold for presentation to General George Washington for the liberation of Boston from the British in 1776.

GENERAL HORATIO GATES is honored on the second medal, first struck in gold and awarded in commemoration of the Battles of Bennington, Fort Stanwix and Saratoga in 1777, which defeated British plans to occupy the Hudson Valley and isolate New England.

The other historic medals, available at later dates, memorialize the brilliant tactical successes at the Battle of Cowpens, the daring assaults on Stony Point, Eutaw Springs, Paulus Hook and the most celebrated battle in U.S. Naval history off the coast of Great Britain.

Persons wishing to be apprised of current and future release dates of America’s First Medals may write to the U. S. Mint to be placed on its mailing list. Persons already on the list will automatically receive notification.

Three new Bicentennial coin designs, selected through nationwide competition, complement the Mint’s celebration of the 200th anniversary of American Independence. The new designs will appear on the backs of the dollar, half dollar and quarter dollar and the double date 1776-1976 will appear on the front of the coins issued for circulation and on special silver-clad specimens.


The Navy Cross was instituted in part due to the entrance of the United States into World War I. Many European nations had the custom of decorating heroes from other nations, but the Medal of Honor was the sole U.S. award for valor at the time. [4] The Army instituted the Distinguished Service Cross and Distinguished Service Medal in 1918, while the Navy followed suit in 1919, retroactive to 6 April 1917. Originally, the Navy Cross was lower in precedence than the Medal of Honor and the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, because it was awarded for both combat heroism and for "other distinguished service". [4] Congress revised this on 7 August 1942, making the Navy Cross a combat-only decoration that follows the Medal of Honor in order of precedence. Since the medal was established, it has been awarded more than 6,300 times. [4] It was designed by James Earle Fraser. [4] Since the 11 September attacks the Navy Cross has been awarded 47 times, with two of them having the name of the recipient held in secret. [5] One of those secret awardings was due to Marine Gunnery Sergeant Tate Jolly's actions during the 2012 Benghazi attack. [6]

The Navy Cross may be awarded to any member of the U.S. Armed Forces while serving with the Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard (when a part of the Department of the Navy) who distinguishes themselves in action by extraordinary heroism not justifying an award of the Medal of Honor. The action must take place under one of three circumstances:

  1. In combat action while engaged against an enemy of the United States or,
  2. In combat action while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force or,
  3. In combat action while serving with friendly foreign forces, who are engaged in armed conflict in which the United States is not a belligerent party.

The act(s) to be commended must be performed in the presence of great danger, or at great personal risk, and must be performed in such a manner as to render the individual's action(s) highly conspicuous among others of equal grade, rate, experience, or position of responsibility. An accumulation of minor acts of heroism does not justify an award of the Navy Cross. As originally authorized, the Navy Cross could be awarded for distinguished non-combat acts, but legislation of 7 August 1942 limited the award to acts of combat heroism.

The Navy Cross originally was the Navy's third-highest decoration, after the Medal of Honor and the Navy Distinguished Service Medal. On 7 August 1942, Congress revised the order of precedence, placing the Navy Cross above the Distinguished Service Medal in precedence. Since that time, the Navy Cross has been worn after the Medal of Honor and before all other awards.

Additional awards of the Navy Cross are denoted by gold or silver 5 ⁄ 16 inch stars affixed to the suspension and service ribbon of the medal. A gold star would be issued for each of the second through fifth awards, to be replaced by a silver star which would indicate a sixth award. To date no one has received more than five awards.

Obverse: The medal is a modified cross pattée one and a half inches wide. The ends of its arms are rounded whereas a conventional cross patée has arms that are straight on the end. There are four laurel leaves with berries in each of the re-entrant arms of the cross. In the center of the cross, a sailing vessel is depicted on waves, sailing to the viewer's left. The vessel is a symbolic caravel of the type used between 1480 and 1500. Fraser selected the caravel because it was a symbol often used by the Naval Academy and because it represented both naval service and the tradition of the sea. The laurel leaves with berries refer to achievement.

Reverse: In the center of the medal, a bronze cross pattée, one and a half inches wide, are crossed anchors from the pre-1850 period, with cables attached. The letters USN are evident amid the anchors.

The earliest version of the Navy Cross (1919–1928) featured a more narrow strip of white, while the so-called "Black Widow" medals awarded from 1941 to 1942 were notable for the dark color due to over-anodized finish. The medal is similar in appearance to the British Distinguished Service Cross. [4]

The service ribbon is navy blue with a center stripe of white identical to the suspension ribbon of the medal. The blue alludes to naval service the white represents the purity of selflessness.


The American Campaign Medal was established per Executive Order 9265,6 November 1942, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and announced in War Department Bulletin 56, 1942. The criteria were initially announced in Department of the Army (DA) Circular 1, dated 1 January 1943, so that the ribbon could be authorized prior to design of the medal. The criteria for the medal were announced in DA Circular 84, dated 25 March 1948 and subsequently published in Army Regulation 600–65, dated 22 September 1948. The American Campaign Medal was issued as a service ribbon only during the Second World War, and was not issued as a full-sized medal until 1947. [2]

The first recipient of the American Campaign Medal was General of the Army George C. Marshall, Jr. [2]

In January 2020, the United States Air Force retroactively authorized the American Campaign streamer to fly from the flag of the Civil Air Patrol located at CAP National Headquarters, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. The streamer recognizes CAP's involvement in coastal patrol operations between May and August of 1943 while attached to Army Air Forces Antisubmarine Command. [3]

The requirements for the American Campaign Medal were for service within the American Theater between 7 December 1941 and 2 March 1946 under any of the following conditions: [1]

  1. On permanent assignment outside the continental limits of the United States.
  2. Permanently assigned as a member of a crew of a vessel sailing ocean waters for a period of 30 consecutive days or 60 nonconsecutive days.
  3. Outside the continental limits of the United States in a passenger status or on temporary duty for 30 consecutive days or 60 nonconsecutive days.
  4. In active combat against the enemy and was awarded a combat decoration or furnished a certificate by the commanding general of a corps, higher unit, or independent force that the Soldier actually participated in combat.
  5. Within the continental limits of the United States for an aggregate period of 1 year.

The boundaries of American Theater are as follows: The eastern boundary is located from the North Pole, south along the 75th meridian west longitude to the 77th parallel north latitude, thence southeast through Davis Strait to the intersection of the 40th parallel north latitude and the 35th meridian west longitude, thence south along the meridian to the 10th parallel north latitude, thence southeast to the intersection of the Equator and the 20th meridian west longitude, thence south along the 20th meridian west longitude to the South Pole.

The western boundary is located from the North Pole, south along the 141st meridian west longitude to the east boundary of Alaska, thence south and southeast along the Alaska boundary to the Pacific Ocean, thence south along the 130th meridian to its intersection with the 30th parallel north latitude, thence southeast to the intersection of the Equator and the 100th meridian west longitude, thence south to the South Pole.

The medal, made of bronze, is 1 + 1 ⁄ 4 inches (32 mm) inches wide. The obverse was designed by Thomas Hudson Jones. It shows a Navy cruiser underway with a B-24 Liberator bomber flying overhead. In the foreground is a sinking enemy submarine, and in the background is the skyline of a city. At the top of the medal are the words AMERICAN CAMPAIGN. The reverse of the medal, designed by Adolph Alexander Weinman, is the same design as used on the reverse of both the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal and the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal. It depicts an American bald eagle between the dates 1941 – 1945 and the words UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. [2]

3/16 inch service stars were authorized to service members who participated in combat with Axis forces within the American Theater. This primarily applied to those service members whose units participated in anti-U-boat patrols (Anti-submarine warfare) in the Atlantic. [4]

Navy campaigns Edit

Participation in these escort, antisubmarine, armed guard, and special operations entitle recipients to one campaign star for each participation: [5]

Army campaigns Edit

A bronze service star is authorized for participation in the antisubmarine campaign. To qualify individuals must have been assigned to or attached to, and present for duty with, a unit with antisubmarine campaign credit. [2]

18 U.S. Code § 704 - Military medals or decorations

Based on section 1425 of title 10, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Army and Air Force (Feb. 24, 1923, ch. 110, 42 Stat. 1286 Apr. 21, 1928, ch. 392, 45 Stat. 437).

Section was made to cover the decorations and medals of the Navy Department as well as the War Department.

Minor changes were made in phraseology.

This section [section 16] clarifies the wording of section 704 of title 18, U.S.C., to embrace all service decorations awarded to members of the armed forces whether by the Army, Navy, Air Force, or other branch of such forces. (See note to sec. 5 [of 1949 Act, set out in Legislative History note under section 244 of title 18]).

Sections 491, 501, and 504 of title 14, referred to in subsec. (c)(2), were redesignated sections 2732, 2745, and 2733, respectively, of title 14 by Pub. L. 115–282, title I, § 116(b), Dec. 4, 2018 , 132 Stat. 4226, and references to sections 491, 501, and 504 of title 14 deemed to refer to such redesignated sections, see section 123(b)(1) of Pub. L. 115–282, set out as a References to Sections of Title 14 as Redesignated by Pub. L. 115–282 note preceding section 101 of Title 14, Coast Guard .

2018—Subsec. (c)(2)(A). Pub. L. 115–232, § 809(e)(1)(A)(i), substituted “section 7271, 8291, or 9271 of title 10” for “section 3741, 6241, or 8741 of title 10”.

Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 115–232, § 809(e)(1)(A)(ii), substituted “section 7284, 8306, or 9284 of title 10” for “section 3754, 6256, or 8754 of title 10”.

Subsec. (c)(2)(C). Pub. L. 115–232, § 809(e)(1)(A)(iii), substituted “section 7277, 8303, or 9277 of title 10” for “section 3747, 6253, or 8747 of title 10”.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 115–232, § 809(e)(1)(B), substituted “section 7272 of title 10” for “section 3742 of title 10”, “section 8292 of title 10” for “section 6242 of title 10”, “section 9272 of title 10” for “section 8742 of section 10”, and “section 7276, 8294, or 9276 of title 10” for “section 3746, 6244, or 8746 of title 10”.

2013—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–12, § 2(a)(1), struck out “wears,” after “Whoever knowingly”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 113–12, § 2(a)(2), amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Whoever falsely represents himself or herself, verbally or in writing, to have been awarded any decoration or medal authorized by Congress for the Armed Forces of the United States, any of the service medals or badges awarded to the members of such forces, the ribbon, button, or rosette of any such badge, decoration, or medal, or any colorable imitation of such item shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than six months, or both.”

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 113–12, § 2(c), struck out “or (b)” after “subsection (a)”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 113–12, § 2(b), designated existing provisions as par. (1), inserted heading, inserted “aPub. L. 113–12, § 2(c), struck out “or (b)” after “subsection (a)”.

2006—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–437, § 3(a), substituted “purchases, attempts to purchase, solicits for purchase, mails, ships, imports, exports, produces blank certificates of receipt for, manufactures, sells, attempts to sell, advertises for sale, trades, barters, or exchanges for anything of value” for “manufactures, or sells”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–437, § 3(b)(2), added subsec. (b). Former subsec. (b) redesignated (c).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–437, § 3(b)(1), (d)(1), redesignated subsec. (b) as (c) and inserted “Enhanced Penalty for Offenses Involving” before Pub. L. 109–437, § 3(b)(3), inserted “or (b)” after “subsection (a)”.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 109–437, § 3(d)(2), added par. (2) and struck out former par. (2) which defined “sells” and Pub. L. 109–437, § 3(c), added subsec. (d).

2001—Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 107–107 amended subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: “As used in this subsection, Pub. L. 104–294 amended Pub. L. 103–322, § 320109(1). See 1994 Amendment note below.

1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–322, §§ 320109(2), 330016(1)(E), amended subsec. (a) identically, substituting “fined under this title” for “fined not more than $250”.

Pub. L. 103–322, § 320109(1), as amended by Pub. L. 104–294, § 604(b)(16), designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and inserted heading.

Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 103–442 inserted “, 6241, or 8741” after “3741”.

1949—Act May 24, 1949 , covered all service decorations awarded members of the armed forces by any of the armed services.

Sections 491, 501, and 504 of title 14 redesignated sections 2732, 2745, and 2733, respectively, of title 14 by Pub. L. 115–282, title I, § 116(b), Dec. 4, 2018 , 132 Stat. 4226, and references to sections 491, 501, and 504 of title 14 deemed to refer to such redesignated sections, see section 123(b)(1) of Pub. L. 115–282, set out as a note preceding section 101 of Title 14, Coast Guard .

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019 , with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of Title 10, Armed Forces.

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–294 effective Sept. 13, 1994 , see section 604(d) of Pub. L. 104–294, set out as a note under section 13 of this title.

To be an inspiration to generations to come!

American families have always been proud of their Veterans. Military records, recollections of battles, and personal letters to home have helped many families retrace lost family trees. It can also instill pride to find out that you have had a relative in an important turning point in history.

Besides thinking about the generations to come, the immediate need for a military shadowbox for yourself, a family member or a friend is the foundation of our mission statement here at Medals of America. All Veterans should take pride in their service to our great country and be recognized for it, in person.

Your military shadowbox will serve as a visual as you recount personal stories and pass on your legacy to family and friends, allowing them to share in your experience and emotion. Only then will your service be complete. Only you can tell your military story, so don’t let the opportunity to share your piece of history pass you by.

As Veterans, we pursue a shadow box for a number of reasons and sometimes it’s just to get all our stuff in one nicely packed box, because a shadow box just says it all. Often the Veteran that doesn’t think their service was that big a deal or perhaps like far too many we know, the culture of the time was not supportive. It is, then, the family that will want to honor the Veteran. Sometimes a family member or friend will build a display because of the overwhelming love and respect that they have for a Veteran.

Question about Medals of the U.S. Navy - History

This page features miscellaneous images related to the Medal of Honor.

If you want higher resolution reproductions than the Online Library's digital images, see: "How to Obtain Photographic Reproductions."

Click on the small photograph to prompt a larger view of the same image.

Chief Turret Captain Abraham DeSomer, USN

Memorandum of 13 June 1914, signed by Secretary of the Navy Josepheus Daniels, awarding DeSomer the Medal of Honor for his"extraordinary heroism" during the intervention at Vera Cruz,Mexico, 21-22 April 1914.
Chief Turret Captain DeSomer was then serving in USS Utah (Battleship # 31).

Collection of Lieutenant Commander Abraham DeSomer, USN. Courtesy of Lieutenant Colonel Russell DeSomer, U.S. Air Force (Retired), 1975.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 124KB 575 x 765 pixels

Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Paul F. Foster, USN.

Letter of 19 January 1916, presenting the Medal of Honor to Lt(JG) Foster for his "distinguished conduct in battle" during the intervention at Vera Cruz, Mexico, 21-22 April 1914.
The letter is signed by Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels.

Collection of Vice Admiral Paul F. Foster, USNR, donated by his estate in 1976.

United States Mint Announces Designs for World War I Centennial Silver Medals

WASHINGTON – The United States Mint today revealed the obverse (heads) and reverse (tails) designs for five silver medals that will be issued in conjunction with the 2018 World War I Centennial Silver Dollar. Each medal, composed of 90 percent silver, pays homage to branches of the U.S. Armed Forces that were active in World War I. Design descriptions and the respective minting facilities are below.

World War I Centennial Army Medal – West Point Mint
The Army medal design depicts a soldier cutting through German barbed wire, while a second soldier aims a rifle amid a shattered landscape of broken trees and cratered earth. A shell explodes in the distance. The medal’s reverse design features the United States Army emblem, which was also in use during World War I, with the inscriptions “OVER THERE!,” “CENTENNIAL OF WORLD WAR I,” �,” and “UNITED STATES ARMY.”

The obverse was designed by United States Mint Artistic Infusion Program (AIP) Designer Emily Damstra and sculpted by now retired United States Mint Sculptor-Engraver Don Everhart, who also designed and sculpted the reverse.

World War I Centennial Marine Corps Medal – San Francisco Mint
The Marine Corps medal’s obverse design depicts the aftermath of the Battle of Belleau Wood. One Marine stands guard as the other kneels to pay respect to the fallen. The inscription quotes a report to the American Expeditionary Forces: “WOODS NOW U.S. MARINE CORPS ENTIRELY.” The medal’s reverse design features the World War I-era version of the Eagle, Globe, and Anchor emblem with the inscriptions “CENTENNIAL OF WORLD WAR I,” �,” “OVER THERE!,” and “BATTLE OF BELLEAU WOOD.”

The obverse was designed by AIP Designer Chris Costello and sculpted by United States Mint Sculptor-Engraver Michael Gaudioso. The reverse was designed and sculpted by United States Mint Sculptor-Engraver Joseph Menna.

World War I Centennial Navy Medal – Philadelphia Mint
The obverse design of the Navy medal depicts a U.S. Navy destroyer on escort duty after deploying a depth charge in defense of a convoy. Above the destroyer, kite balloons provide Navy personnel a platform to spot submarines and other dangers. The inscription “OVER THERE!” appears at the bottom of the design. The medal’s reverse design features an Officer’s Cap Device* used in World War I. Inscriptions are “UNITED STATES NAVY,” �,” and “CENTENNIAL OF WORLD WAR I.” (*Note: An official, uniform seal of the United States Navy had not been adopted at the time of World War I.)

The obverse was designed by Chris Costello and sculpted by Michael Gaudioso, while the reverse was designed and sculpted by United States Mint Sculptor-Engraver Renata Gordon.

World War I Centennial Air Service Medal – Denver Mint
The obverse of the Air Service medal design depicts the iconic SPAD XIII, a World War I fighter flown by many Americans and valued for its speed, strength, and firepower, viewed from the top and side. The inscription “SPAD XIII” identifies the aircraft. The medal’s reverse design features the Military Aviator Insignia with the inscriptions “CENTENNIAL OF WORLD WAR I,” �,” “OVER THERE!,” “AIR SERVICE,” and “AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES.”

This obverse was designed by AIP Designer Ronald D. Sanders and sculpted by Joseph Menna, who also designed and sculpted the reverse.

World War I Centennial Coast Guard Medal – Philadelphia Mint
The obverse of the Coast Guard medal depicts a lifeboat from the Coast Guard Cutter USCGC Seneca heading out in heavy seas toward the torpedoed steamship Wellington. The reverse design features the World War I-era Coast Guard emblem, with the inscriptions “CENTENNIAL OF WORLD WAR I,” �,” and “OVER THERE!”

Both the obverse and reverse of the Coast Guard medal were designed and sculpted by United States Mint Sculptor-Engraver Phebe Hemphill.

Each silver medal will be paired with a World War I Centennial Silver Dollar and offered as a special set. These medals will not be available individually. Additional information about these sets will be available prior to their release in 2018.

About the United States Mint
The United States Mint was created by Congress in 1792 and became part of the Department of the Treasury in 1873. It is the Nation’s sole manufacturer of legal tender coinage and is responsible for producing circulating coinage for the Nation to conduct its trade and commerce. The United States Mint also produces numismatic products, including proof, uncirculated, and commemorative coins Congressional Gold Medals and silver and gold bullion coins. Its numismatic programs are self-sustaining and operate at no cost to taxpayers. The Mint is celebrating its 225th anniversary in 2017 (#USMint225).

  • Additional information about the World War I Centennial Silver Medals.
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United States Mint – Connecting America through Coins

Question about Medals of the U.S. Navy - History

Filipinos WW11 US Military Service

“Identification with our nation’s history will foster assimilation and participation in common goals that promote good citizenship and civic involvement”

8/2008 Dedicated to The American Legion, The U.S. House of Representatives & others. With some tweaking of the lyrics by M.E. "Pinay", the original song credit belongs to Bob Dylan.

How many more Filipino U.S. WW11 veterans must die

Before we can call 'em United States own?

Yes, 'n' how many times must a Bill the House consider

Before you can call it a Law?

Yes, 'n' how many more foes must slay the Filipino veterans

Before you can say it is enough?

The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind,

The answer, indeed is blowin' in the wind.

How many times must Filipino veterans fight

Before they can see the end of the war?
Yes, 'n' how many ears must one man have
Before he can hear the Filipino veterans cry?
Yes, 'n' how many deaths will it take till he knows
That too many Filipino veterans have died?
The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind,
The answer, indeed is blowin' in the wind.

How many years can the Filipino veterans' plea exists
Before it's heard by y’all?
Yes, 'n' how many years can Filipino veterans complain
Before they're allowed to be right?
Yes, 'n' how many times can some politicians turn their heads,
Pretending they just do not see?
The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind,
The answer, indeed is blowin' in the wind.

This website is dedicated to all soldiers of Pilipino descent who served in the United States military during WW11 (12/7/1941-12/31/1946). The mission of this website is to reclaim our forgotten military history and heritage in the United States Armed Forces. Special recognition is given to the 7,000 Pilipinos in the U.S. Army 1 st, 2 nd Filipino Infantry Regiments, 1 st Reconnaissance Battalion, as well as to the additional Navy and the Merchant Marine personnel, mostly sent to liberate the Philippines, then a colonial possession of the United States from three years of Japanese occupation. Some of the Pilipino soldiers, already WW1 U.S. veterans in the Hawaiian Infantry would serve again in the Korean War. Significantly, their descendants would serve not only in the Korean and Vietnam wars, but also in the current Middle East military conflicts. This only proves that answering the call to military duty is a gift that soldiers of Pilipino descent in every generation keeps on giving to Uncle Sam, especially during times of wars. Sadly, such loyalty was repaid by the U.S. Congress Rescission Acts of February 1946, wherein the dignity of the wartime heroic deeds of the Pilipinos was diminished by the ongoing unequal treatment of the WW11 Pilipino veterans under the laws of the United States .

An invaluable resource for the Filipino Infantry Regiments is

the highly recommended website owned by Sgt (Ret.) Pelagio A. Valdez, created to honor SSgt Pablo S. Valdez, his father who served in both of these WW11 Filipino Inf Regts.

Meanwhile, in our website, we start with the name list of our Pilipino WW11 veterans from their respective home state/country of military record or residence. Most of the initial listings will come from the State of Hawaii, since my first genealogical project is about Pilipinos in Hawaii

Significant listings will be added for Pilipino WW11 veterans who served in the Philippines after they volunteered or were drafted to the US military service. They are the casualties and survivors of the Bataan Death March, POWs, Army Philippine Scouts (PS), USAFFE, Navy, Coast Guards, USMC, Merchant Marine, Guerrilla forces, Women Auxiliary Services of nurses, spies and others. Our listing will also include reactivated U.S. military units formed in 1946 (inactivated 1947) and designated as the 12 th Infantry Division (PS”new Scouts”) for duties like the occupation of Okinawa & other Japanese islands guard duties like the Military Police, etc. Gathering all these massive information will almost be a lifetime project, but then, such will be an insignificant task compared to what thousands of our soldiers had given all of us for the cause of freedom and liberty. Moreover, since the Philippines is the host country to the U.S. military bases, the role that the Pilipinos played in these wars that involved Asian countries like Japan, Korea & Vietnam can not and should not be ignored.

The awareness of our unique history is the responsibility of every living Pilipino. I offer you this website as a limited resource for WW11. It is my hope that my love for the Philippine history and culture overcome my lack of scholarly credential.

Medal of Honor ( U.S. highest military award)

total awarded in WW11 =347 with an additional 22 Asian American Affirmative Action upgrades from the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) in 2002

Short List of Pilipino soldier awardees

Sgt Jose Calugas awarded 2/24/1942

SSgt Rudolph B. Davilla awarded 6/21/2002 (upgrade)

Pilipinos who served in WW11 U.S. Armed Forces in the Philippines :

Source: Revised Reconstructed Guerilla Roster (RRGR) known as the Missouri List , listed 260,143 Filipino WWII veteran. was compiled after the end of World War II & stored at the US Army Archives in St. Louis, Missouri. After the US Army left in 1948 with the Missouri list the Armed Forces of the Philippines continued to list late registrants into its own list

Pilipinos in the U.S. who served in the U.S. Armed Forces: 12,000

Several Webpages list the memorials built as tributes to the heroism of WWII soldiers by various communities in the Philippines and the United States . Also listed are events of commemoration.

Additionally, the memorial in Israel is a remembrance of the assistance rendered by the Philippines during the administration of Pres. Manuel Quezon to the Jewish search for refuge during WWII

Medals of World War Two

By Stephen Sherman, Aug.2002. Updated July 8, 2013.

American medals are linked on this page. See the links at left for German, Soviet, and British medals.

U.S. medals, like medals of other countries, include two main categories:

  1. Medals for valor, specific gallant acts that merit recognition. These medals are awarded throughout various wars and conflicts over time. For example, the British Victoria Cross and the American Medal of Honor have been awarded to recipients in many different wars for over a century.

Many of the American aces profiled elsewhere on this site earned the Medal of Honor, the Distinguished Service Cross, the Navy Cross, or the Silver Star.

U.S. Medals for Valor

The nation's highest decoration for valor, 3,549 have been awarded since the medal was created in 1862.

2nd highest award for valor, for "Extraordinary Heroism in Connection with Military Operations Against an Opposing Armed Force." Established 1918.

2nd highest award for valor, for "Navy or Marine Corps who distinguishes himself with extraordinary heroism not justifying the award of the Medal of Honor, . " Established in 1919.

3rd highest award for valor, for "Gallantry in Action Against an Opposing Armed Force." Established 1918. Awarded to all services.

"For Heroism or Extraordinary Achievement while Participating in Aerial Flight." Established 1926. Widely awarded in WW2

"For Meritorious Achievement while Participating in Aerial Flight." Established 1942. Over 440,000 awarded by 8th Air Force in WW2.

"For Heroic or Meritorious Achievement of Service, not involving aerial flight, in connection with Operations Against an Opposing Armed Force." Established 1944.

"For being wounded in action in any war or campaign." Thus designated by FDR in 1942, although the decoration had existed previously.

Prisoner of War Medal

Created in 1985. Awarded retrospectively to WW2 POWs.

U.S. Service Medals of WWII

The following were awarded for service in WW2:

Women's Army Corps Service Medal

American Campaign Medal

Asiatic - Pacific Campaign Medal

European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal

World War II Victory Medal

Highly Decorated Units of WW2

The 442nd Regimental Combat Team, the famed Japanese-American "Go for Broke" unit earned more than 18,000 individual decorations including one Medal of Honor, 53 Distinguished Service Crosses, 588 Silver Stars, 5,200 Bronze Star Medals, 9,486 Purple Hearts, and eight Presidential Unit Citations (the nation's top award for combat units).

In June 2000, President Clinton awarded an additional 20 Medals of Honor to members of the 100th Battalion and 442nd Regimental Combat Team. This was the result of a re-examination of the files of dozens of Japanese-American soldiers to see if any of them might have been denied awards because of possible prejudice. One of these recipients was Hawaii's U.S. Senator Daniel Inouye.

The 32nd Infantry Division, "The Red Arrow," earned 11 Medals of Honor, 157 Distinguished Service Crosses, 845 Silver Stars, 49 Legion of Merit, 78 Soldiers Medals, 1,854 Bronze Stars, 11,500 Purple Hearts, and 98 Air Medals.

During World War Two, the 101st Airborne Division spent 214 days in combat. In addition to 2 Medals of Honor awarded to Soldiers of the 101st, the Division awarded 47 Distinguished Service Crosses, 516 Silver Stars and 6,977 Bronze Stars.

Troopers of the 82d Airborne, the All Americans," were awarded three Medals of Honor, 70 Distinguished Service Crosses, 894 Silver Star Medals, 2,478 Bronze Star Medals, and numerous foreign decorations.

Airmen of the Eighth Air Force were awarded 17 Medals of Honor, 226 Distinguished Service Crosses, 864 Silver Stars, 45,977 Distinguished Flying Crosses, 442,300 Air Medals, and 2,984 Bronze Stars.

The 3rd Bombardment Group (of the Fifth Air Force) had established an impressive record. Its personnel had earned a Medal of Honor, 37 Distinguished Crosses, 187 Silver Stars, 159 Distinguished Flying Crosses, 17 Bronze Stars, 24 Soldiers’ Medals, 640 Air Medals and 257 Purple Hearts.

In World War II, Navy Corpsmen earned seven Medals of Honor, 61 Navy Crosses, 465 Silver Stars, and 982 Bronze Stars.

Watch the video: Η ΤΠΚ Ρίτσος τρόμαξε την Άγκυρα με την γαλανόλευκη να κυματίζει υπερήφανα προκαλώντας εγκεφαλικά (July 2022).


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