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Gaucho politician (22/1 / 1922-). One of the leading leaders of the labor left in Brazil. Born in Carazinho, from a poor family, Leonel de Moura Brizola works as a shoe shine and lift attendant. He graduated in engineering in 1949. The following year he married Neuza Goulart, sister of João Goulart, future president of the Republic. His godfather is then president Getúlio Vargas.
He joins the Brazilian Labor Party (PTB), is a federal deputy in 1954 and the following year mayor of Porto Alegre. Elected governor of Rio Grande do Sul in 1958, nationalizes multinational companies and begins the process of land reform. Following the resignation of Jânio Quadros (1961), he led the campaign for the inauguration of Vice President João Goulart, which the military wanted to prevent.
In 1962 is elected federal deputy by the state of Guanabara, being the most voted candidate of the country. Resists the military regime of 1964 and is revoked. He goes into exile in Uruguay, where he is expelled in 1977. He moves to the United States and then to Portugal. With the 1979 amnesty, he returns to Brazil. It tries to reorganize the PTB, but loses the acronym in a dispute with other Labor in the Electoral Justice.
He then founded the Democratic Labor Party (PDT), by which he was elected governor of Rio de Janeiro in 1982 and 1990. He is the PDT candidate for the Presidency of the Republic in 1989 and 1994. In 1998, he is a candidate for Vice Presidency, at Luis Inácio Lula da Silva's plate.