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Fluminense writer, essayist and journalist (1866-1909). Author of Os Sertões, classic of national literature.
Euclides Rodrigues Pimenta da Cunha (20/1 / 1866-15 / 8/1909) is born in Cantagalo. Motherless orphan at age 3, is raised by relatives. Lives in several cities until settling in Rio de Janeiro. Still young adopts abolitionist and republican ideas. He began studying engineering in 1885, but left the course for lack of money. The following year, he joined the Military School, which is free to teach. In protest against the crackdown on republican demonstrations, in 1888 he throws the cadet marlin at the feet of the war minister and is expelled from school. Readmitted the following year, after proclamation of the Republic, arrives lieutenant, but leaves the Army in 1896 for political reasons. He moves to São Paulo, where he resumes his engineering degree and starts writing for the newspaper The Province of S. Paulo (now O Estado de S. Paulo). In the Bahian hinterland, he follows the movement led by Blessed Antonio Conselheiro at the Arraial do Belo Monte, in Canudos, and the collected material is published in the newspaper and transformed into the book Os Sertões (1902), a classic of Latin American literature. With the work, the writer gains national recognition, being elected to the Brazilian Academy of Letters in 1903. His death in Rio de Janeiro stands out and moves the public: he is murdered by his wife's lover, whom he had tried to kill.