Paulista sociologist and politician (1920-1995). He is considered the founder of critical sociology in Brazil. He served two terms as a federal deputy.
Florestan Fernandes (22/7 / 1920-10 / 8/1995) is born in the poor city of São Paulo, studies with difficulty and stands out for his discipline and effort. He became a professor at the University of São Paulo (USP) in the 1940s, being removed by the military regime in 1969. From then on he taught at universities in Canada and the United States. It denounces the marginalization of the black in society in the thesis The Integration of the Black in Class Societies (1964). It is also dedicated to the study of indigenous societies, education and modernization, as well as the critical analysis of sociology. It addresses the Latin American revolutionary process in Dependent Capitalism and Social Classes in Latin America (1973). In 1975 writes The Bourgeois Revolution in Brazil, about the ruling classes of the country and their resistance to historical changes. Returning to Brazil in 1977, he began teaching at the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC), starting in 1979, returning to USP in 1986. He is considered the founder of critical sociology in Brazil. In addition to his academic activity, he stands out for his left-wing political activism, being elected federal deputy by the Workers' Party (PT) in 1986, for the National Constituent Assembly, and in 1990. He died in São Paulo.