The story

History of mankind

History of mankind



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This timeline brings the main facts and characters of human history from the invention of writing (circa 3400 BC) to the present day.

To search for a historical period, choose the desired time (the division is made by centuries). By scrolling down the timeline, the years run into the future. Rolling up, the line goes back in time.

Until the 6th century (BC)

First written system by the Sumerians in southern Mesopotamia (region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the Middle East) (culture)

3400 (c)

2700 (c)

Pyramid building begins in Egypt (technology)

Maritime trade between Egypt and Byblos (present-day Lebanon) (navigation).
Emergence of the first cities in China (technology)

2500 (c)

2300 (c)

Akkadian Empire unifies Mesopotamian city states (politics)

Expansion of the Egyptian Empire to the Middle East (war).
Start of use of metal and copper in Peru (technology)
Estimated world population of 28 million (demographics)

1500 (c)

1200 (c)

Decay of the Egyptian Empire (peoples)
Emergence of the Olmec Civilization in Mexico (People)

Phoenicians develop maritime trade in the eastern Mediterranean (navigation)
David becomes king of Israel, with Jerusalem as capital (religion)
Estimated world population of 70 million (demographics)

1000

930

First Hebrew texts (psalms, ecclesiastes) (religion)
First version of Hindu epic Mahabharata (literature)

Emergence of the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey, attributed to Homer (literature)

850 (c)

814

Legendary date of the founding of Carthage by the Phoenicians (colonization)

First Olympic Games (Customs)

776

753

Legendary Rome Foundation (Peoples)

Solon begins reforms of Athenian law (politics)

594

586

Chaldean Nebuchadnezzar (Nebuchadnezzar 2 °) invades Jerusalem; Israelites are taken into captivity from Babylon (war)
Greeks colonize Spain (colonization)

Israelites Return From Babylonian Captivity (Peoples)

539

509

Proclamation of the Roman Republic (politics)
Persian empire hits India (war)
Preaching of Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) (religion)

Clistenes proclaims the Athenian (political) democratic constitution

508

499

Heraclitus Begins Greek Philosophy (Philosophy)

Confucius thought begins to spread in China (philosophy)

490 (c)

472

Athens leads the League of
Delos (peoples)

Rome expands through Lazio and threatens the Etruscans (war)
Decaying Persian Empire (peoples)

450

443

Pericles now rules Athens (politics)
Herodotus writes History (culture)
Invention of solar calendar in China (technology)

Beginning of the Peloponnese War (Athens vs. Sparta) (war)
Democritus creates atomic theory (science)

431

405

End of the Peloponnese War, with the victory of Sparta (war)

Socrates is sentenced to death in Athens
(philosophy)

399

371

Thebes defeats Sparta and dominates Greece (war)
Rome dominates Lazio, building roads and aqueducts (peoples)
Hippocrates develops medicine (science)

Beginning of the reign of Alexander the Great (Macedonia) (politics)

336

334

Alexander becomes lord of the Persian empire; its domains extend to India (war)

Alexander's death and disintegration of his empire (peoples)

323

284

Alexandria Library (Northern Egypt) opens with 100,000 volumes (culture)
Invention of catapult as a weapon of war (technology).

Emergence of Mayan culture in Guatemala. (people)

280

264

Beginning of the Punic Wars between Rome and Carthage (war)

Construction begins on the Great Wall of China (technology)

210 (c)

146

End of the Punic Wars and consolidation of Rome on the western Mediterranean (war)
Buddhism spreads throughout Southeast Asia (religion)

Gaius and Tiberius Graco Begin Reforms in Rome
(politics)

133

73

Spartacus leads slave revolt against Rome (conflict)

Led by Pompey, Romans dominate Syria and Palestine (war)

63

45

Caesar becomes Roman dictator (politics)

Caesar is murdered (politics)

44

31

Antonio and Cleopatra commit suicide (politics)
Octavian becomes sole governor of Rome (politics)

Octavian accepts the title of Augustus, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire (politics)

27

19

Romans conquer the Iberian Peninsula and create three provinces, including Lusitania, present-day Portugal (colonization)

Jesus of Nazareth is born (religion)

6