The story

Rome (continued)


Symbols and curiosities

Due to its millennial history, several symbols are associated with Rome: the Colosseum, the Capitolina Magnifier , the symbols of Christianity, and the famous acronym S.P.Q.R., used during the imperial expansion to designate the lands as being d ' The Senate and (d)the Roman people.

The colors of the city are golden and red, representing respectively Christianity and the Roman Empire.

Also because of its long history, and given its importance, Rome has always had a diverse population, characterized by diverse migratory flows. So it is often said that a true roman is one whose family has lived in Rome for at least seven generations.

Top Roman Emperors

  • Augustus (27 BC - 14 AD)
  • Tiberius (14-37)
  • Caligula (37-41)
  • Nero (54-68)
  • Marco Aurelio (161-180)
  • Commodus (180-192).

Rome today

With a population of almost 3 million, Rome is the capital of Italy. In it is the Vatican, independent territory, headquarters of the catholic church, and where the pope resides.


In the background, St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican. Built in the 17th century by Bernini, Italian painter, sculptor and architect. The work presents a technical perfection considered unparalleled.


Colonnade of St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican.

The squares and streets of the Roman historic center are considered the largest open-air museum in the world.

Churches, buildings, statues, monuments form an invaluable treasure trove of art and culture. Millions of tourists visit the city every year.

Almost 12,000 people, including technicians, administration officials, watchmen and workers, have as their sole or main activity the protection and conservation of the city's artistic and cultural heritage. Nevertheless, historic buildings and works of art are seriously threatened.

One of the greatest enemies of Rome's historical monuments is the pollution caused by the smoke from vehicles. It causes a chemical reaction that crumbles even the hardest and toughest stones. The speed of corrosion has even been calculated: it is 5 millimeters every thirty years. This rhythm has been ruining priceless bas-reliefs, columns, doors and sculptures.

The Italian government is investing to restore this heritage. But restoring is not enough: it is necessary to conserve. To this end, measures are being taken to ensure that the area of ​​the Roman historic center is no longer one of Europe's polluted ones.


Trevi Fountain in Rome.