The story

Ephemerides


Ephemerides (in Latin, "daily memorial") is a chronological succession of dates and their respective events.

Check below the historical ephemerides we have registered. Periodically we will publish new facts.

Soon more months.


January 12th


Joan of Arc in engraving from 1505

1431 - Starts proceedings in Rouen (France) against Joan of Arc, accused of witchcraft.
1519 - Dies Maximilian I of Germania, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1578 - Catherine of Austria dies, archduchess of Austria, princess of Spain and queen of Portugal.
1616 - Francisco Caldeira Castelo Branco founds the city of Belém, the current capital of the state of Pará, Brazil.
1633 - The Duke of Bragança - future king D. João IV - marries d. Luísa de Gusmão.
1665 - Mathematician Fermat, creator of differential calculus and probability calculus, dies.
1684 - Louis XIV of France marries Mrs. Maintenon, following the death of Maria Teresa.
1816 - The Bonaparte family is removed from France by law of the French government.
1820 The Royal Astronomical Society is created.
1821 - The European powers meet in Laibach, now Yugoslavia.
1822 - Proclamation of the Independence of Greece at the Congress of Epidaurus.
1837 - The army school - the current military academy - is founded to replace the actual academy of fortification, artillery and drawing.
1865 - Occupation of French Guiana by Brazilian troops.
1875 - Kung-Su becomes emperor of China.
1896 - Doctor Henry Louis Smith has his first X-ray.
1907 - Born Sergey Pavlovich Korolev (died on 14/01/1966). Soviet designer of directed projectiles, rockets, and spaceship.
1909 - Turkish Government accepts the Austrian proposal to waive its rights over Bosnia and Herzegovina for exchanges of financial compensation.

-Does Hermann Minkowski (born 6/22/1864). German mathematician who developed the geometric theory of numbers and the geometric methods used to solve difficult problems in number theory, mathematical physics, and the theory of relativity.
1915 - The US Congress rejects the proposal to cede the right to vote to women in the country, after a constitutional amendment gave that right to women.
1919 - In the US, the House of Representatives rejects the proposal to grant women the right to vote.
1922 - Aristides Briand resigns as French Prime Minister.
1923 - Time magazine is launched in the United States.
1926 - Abraham Serfaty, a Moroccan politician, is exiled for opposing the Hassan II regime.
1942 - Japan declares war on the Dutch eastern islands after being invaded in Sulawes and Borneo during World War II.
1945 - German forces withdraw inordinately at the Battle of Bulge, Belgium, during World War II.
1946 - The UN creates the Security Council.
1948 - The US Supreme Court declares equality of education for whites and blacks.
1950 - The Soviet Union reintroduces the death penalty in the country for crimes of treason, espionage and sabotage.
1952 - The University of Tennessee, USA, admits the first black student.
1953 - The new constitution of the Yugoslavia. Titus is proclaimed president of the Republic.
1958 - The USSR proposes an area free from nuclear weapons of any kind between the Arctic and the Mediterranean.
1959 - General Humberto Delgado seeks political asylum at the Brazilian embassy, ​​Portugal.
1963 - The statue of Pedro Álvares Cabral is inaugurated in Belmonte, the native land of the discoverer of Brazil.
1965 - Japanese Prime Minister Eisku Sato arrives in Washington for talks with US President Lyndon Johnson.
1969 - Hundreds of people rally in London (Britain) against the diplomatic missions of the white minority African governments of Rhodesia and South Africa.
1970 - Surrender of Biafra separatists, which ends the 32-month-long civil war in Nigeria.
- Major floods and floods hit Spain through the overflow of the Ebro, Tajo and Danube rivers.
1974 - A military rebellion erupts in Ethiopia.
1976 - Dies British writer Agatha Christie, creator of the figure of "Inspector Poirot".
1978 - US President James Carter accuses the USSR of interfering in the conflict between Somalia and Ethiopia over the Ogaden region.
1981 Puerto Rican Independentists destroy nine US fighter jets in San Juan Puerto Rico.
1982 - Karl Ritter von Frisch dies, Nobel Prize in medicine in 1973.
1983 - Dies Nicolai Podgorny, former president of the USSR.
- Begins Turkey's largest mass trial in Asmaya city involving 740 accused of subverting the constitutional system and wishing to implement a communist dictatorship.
1984 “The restoration team at the Giza Pyramids has given up on modern, non-functioning methods and has been using the methods used by the Egyptians for millennia.
1985 - The French-speaking government of the territory of New Caledonia declares a state of emergency after police killed two leaders of the pro-independence movement.
1986 - Columbia mission 24th mission. Among the objectives of this mission was to photograph Halley's comet, satellite launch and various scientific experiments. The crew consisted of 7 astronauts, including Dr. Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, the first Hispanic-American astronaut to go to space.
1988 - The president of the Basque autonomous government and representatives of six Basque parties - except Herri Batasuna - sign an agreement against ETA - military violence and terrorism in favor of autonomy.
- The first test tube quintuplets in the world are born in Michigan, United States, by caesarean section.
1989 - Dies David José da Silva Ferreira, 91 years old, co-founder of the Seata Nova group, revolutionary of the 1920s and author of the political history of the 1st Portuguese Republic.
1990 - Romania becomes the first nation in Eastern Europe to ban the Communist Party in the country.
1991 - US President George Bush is authorized by the United States Congress to attack Iraq in the Gulf War. The invasion of Kuwait caused the UN Security Council to impose an economic boycott on Iraq. In response, Saddam Hussein ordered the arrest of foreigners.
1992 - In an emergency meeting, the Algerian High Security Council cancels the second round of legislative elections, declaring "the impossibility of continuing the electoral process".
1995 - Tomiichi Murayama, Japanese Prime Minister, resigns.
1998 - Nineteen European countries sign in Paris the Council of Europe protocol banning the cloning of human beings, the first international legal text on this subject.
2000 - Pope John Paul II becomes the first High Pontiff to visit the Western Wall in Israel.
2003 - Dies Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri, Argentine general and dictator, former president.
2005 - Launch of the Deep Impact space probe.
2006 - Mehmet Ali Agca, the man who shot Pope John Paul II in 1981, was released from a Turkish prison.
- Confusion during haj Islamic ceremony kills at least 50 people in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
2007 - A large crater opens on line 4 of the São Paulo Metro (Brazil).
2010 - Strong earthquake devastates Haiti's capital Port-au-Prince, killing more than 200,000 people.