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History Dictionary
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History Dictionary

Middle Ages The Middle Ages, also known as the Medieval Period, correspond to the period of European history that begins with the disintegration of the Western Roman Empire and ends in the 19th century. XV. The main features of the Middle Ages were the arrival of the barbarian (Germanic) peoples, the consolidation of feudalism and the expansion of Christianity.

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Bartolomeu Bueno da Silva

Paulista Bandeirante (1672-1740). One of the main pathfinders of the gold cycle in Minas Gerais and Goiás. Bartolomeu Bueno da Silva (1672-1740) is born in Parnaíba. He inherits from his father the name and surname Anhanguera (Old Devil), given by the indigenous people. According to some historians, his father allegedly deceived the Indians by setting fire to a certain amount of alcohol and threatening to burn down the rivers.
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Abdera's Democritus

Democritus of Abdera was an important Greek philosopher who lived from 460 to 370 BC. He was a disciple of Leucippus of Miletus (Greek philosopher). He was also an astronomer and mathematician. His ideas about atomism were that all matter was made up of small particles, which he named atoms, which means undividable particles.
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Darius the Great

Persian Emperor (550 BC - 486 BC). One of the main rulers of the Persian Empire, founded by Cyrus the Great. Assumes the throne in 521 BC after defeating the priestly caste that had assumed power. It continues Ciro's plans for universal hegemony. In his rule, the Persian Empire reaches its fullest extent, reaching as far as India.
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Confucius

Chinese philosopher (551-479 BC). It created a philosophical system followed by more than five million people today. Considered one of the most important Chinese philosophers, Confucius was born in what is today the Xantung province in northeastern China. His father died when he was only three years old, so he and his mother even had some difficulties.
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Abraham Lincoln

American Statesman (1809-1865). Lawyer and anti-slavery, became one of the most important presidents of the United States. Alongside George Washington, Abraham Lincoln is considered one of the most important American presidents in history. Born in a cabin near Hodgenville, Kentucky, on February 12, 1809, at the age of nineteen he joined the crew of a barge that transported agricultural products across the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers to New Orleans.
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Benjamin Constant

Fluminense politician and military (1833-1891). One of the founders of the Republic, he is the author of the Order and Progress motto of the Brazilian flag. Benjamin Constant Botelho de Magalhães (18/10 / 1833-22 / 1/1891) is born in Niterói and in 18) 2 joins the Army. He studies engineering at the Central School and astronomy at the Rio de Janeiro Observatory, at the same time he teaches mathematics at the Imperial Colégio Pedro II.
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Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca

Marshal Deodoro was born in the city of Alagoas, Alagoas, on August 5, 1827 and studied at a military school since he was 16 years old. In 1848, at the age of 21, he joined the troops heading to Pernambuco to fight the Praieira Revolution and actively participated in other conflicts during the Empire, such as the expeditionary brigade to the La Plata River, the siege of Montevideo and the Paraguayan War.
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Estácio de Sá

Portuguese explorer (1520? -1567). Fight the French invasions in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Estácio de Sá (1520? -20/2/1567) is born in Coimbra. Little is known about the early years of his life. He is believed to have come to Brazil on 1) 57, accompanying his uncle, Mem de Sá, the colony's third governor general.
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Artur Bernardes

Mining politician (1875-1955). President of Brazil from 1922 to 1926. He governs most of the time under a state of siege because of the tenentist rebellions that erupted during this period. Artur da Silva Bernardes (18/8 / 1875-23 / 3/1955) is born in Viçosa, the son of a Portuguese civil servant, and studies at Caraça College.
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Cyrus the Great

Persian Emperor (558-528 BC). Made the Persian Empire one of the largest and most important in the world. The great empires that have existed throughout history are important not only for their political influence but also for their cultural legacy, or heritage. Over time, political control over an empire is over, but important aspects such as language, literature, and customs remain alive for centuries.
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Domingos Jorge Velho

Paulista Bandeirante (1614? -1703). Chief of the troops that destroyed the Quilombo dos Palmares. Domingos Jorge Velho (1614? -1703) already imprisoned Indians in the Northeast before 1671, commanding a small army of armed men on their forays into the woods. The exact place or date of birth is unknown.
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Christopher Columbus

Genoese browser (1451-1506). He discovered America and eventually linked Europe to the New World. Christopher Columbus was the first man to prove what many people in his day already suspected: the world actually had a spherical shape. He believed it was possible to travel east or west and eventually return to the starting point.
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Charles Darwin

Born in Shrewsbury, England, grandson of famed pottery maker Josiah Wedgewood (1730-1795), Charles Robert Darwin was educated at Cambridge, where he became interested in science in general and, more particularly, in the evolution of the natural world. Until the early nineteenth century, it was common to believe that the earth and our natural environment had been created exactly as it is reported in the Bible, and both the environment and the earth had remained roughly the same since their inception.
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Caesar Augustus

Roman emperor (63 BC-14 AD). Under his rule, Rome established itself as a powerful empire and had tremendous cultural and commercial growth. Julius Caesar had pushed the boundaries of what was a "de facto Roman Empire" and had become the first absolute ruler of Rome. However, the Roman Empire had not been officially declared until his nephew Octavian took power in 27 a.
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Elizabeth I

Queen of England and Ireland (7/9 / 1533-23 / 3/1603). Daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn, is born in Greenwich and spends his childhood out of court. In 1544, however, Parliament placed her in the line of succession after her brothers Edward VI and Maria I. After their death, Elizabeth ascended the throne in 1558.
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Euclides da Cunha

Fluminense writer, essayist and journalist (1866-1909). Author of Os Sertões, classic of national literature. Euclides Rodrigues Pimenta da Cunha (20/1 / 1866-15 / 8/1909) is born in Cantagalo. Motherless orphan at age 3, is raised by relatives. Lives in several cities until settling in Rio de Janeiro. Still young adopts abolitionist and republican ideas.
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Avoid Peron

Argentine actress and political leader (7/5 / 1919-26 / 7/1952). Born in Los Toldos, near Buenos Aires, in a poor family. At 16, she decides to pursue her artistic career and moves to the Argentine capital alone. In 1937, she made her film debut in the film Segundos Afuera and is then hired to make radio soap operas.
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Fidel Castro

Cuban politician (13/8 / 1927-). The son of a wealthy farmer, he is born in Mayari, graduated in law and freely defends peasants, workers and political prisoners. He stands out in demonstrations against dictator Fulgencio Batista, who was in power from 1952 to 1959 with the support of the Americans. In 1953, after leading a coup attempt, he is sentenced to 15 years in prison.
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Cleopatra - The Most Famous Queen of Egypt

Cleopatra is one of the best known women in human history and one of the most famous rulers of Egypt, having become known only as Cleopatra. She has never been the sole holder of power in her homeland - in fact she has always co-ruled with a man by her side: her father, her brother (whom she would marry later), and then her son.
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Friar Mug

Pernambuco religious and political (1779-1825). One of the leaders of the Confederation of Ecuador. Joaquim of Divine Love Rabelo and Mug (7 / 1779-23 / 1/1825) is born in Recife. Son of a Portuguese cooper, incorporates in the name the nickname he earns from his father's profession. He is ordained a Carmelite friar in 1799. From liberal ideas, he joins the republican movement and attends the Paradise Academy, one of the gathering centers of those who, influenced by the French Revolution and US independence, conspire against the Portuguese yoke.
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